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数据交换 genlink, 使用nl库

3.x 内核

kernel

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#include <linux/module.h>
#include <net/netlink.h>
#include <net/genetlink.h>
#include <linux/version.h>

#define MSG_KER "Hello from kernel space!!!"

struct family_hdr {
	int ff;
};

struct data_hdr {
	int len;
	int kk;
	char str[0];
};

/* netlink attributes */
enum {
	DOC_EXMPL_A_UNSPEC,
	DOC_EXMPL_A_MSG,
	DOC_EXMPL_A_MSG2,
	__DOC_EXMPL_A_MAX,
};
#define DOC_EXMPL_A_MAX (__DOC_EXMPL_A_MAX - 1)

/* commands 定义命令类型,用户空间以此来表明需要执行的命令 */
enum {
	DOC_EXMPL_C_UNSPEC,
	DOC_EXMPL_C_ECHO,
	__DOC_EXMPL_C_MAX,
};
#define DOC_EXMPL_C_MAX (__DOC_EXMPL_C_MAX - 1)

static int nl_pre_doit(struct genl_ops*  ops, struct sk_buff* skb, struct genl_info* info)
{
	return 0;
}
static void nl_post_doit(struct genl_ops*  ops, struct sk_buff* skb, struct genl_info* info)
{
	return;
}

/* family definition */
static struct genl_family nl_family = {
	.id = GENL_ID_GENERATE,   //这里不指定family ID,由内核进行分配
	.hdrsize = sizeof(struct family_hdr),             //自定义的头部长度,参考genl数据包结构
	.name = "DOC_EXMPL",      //这里定义family的名称,user program需要根据这个名字来找到对应的family ID。
	.version = 1,
	.maxattr = DOC_EXMPL_A_MAX,
	.pre_doit  = nl_pre_doit,
	.post_doit = nl_post_doit,
};

static int rcv_handler(struct genl_info *info)
{
	struct nlattr *tb[DOC_EXMPL_A_MAX + 1] = {0};
	struct family_hdr *fhdr = (struct family_hdr *)info->userhdr;
	struct data_hdr *hdr;
	int rc, i;
	int rcvlen;

	//printk("kernel recv: %d %d %d %s\n", fhdr->ff, hdr->len, hdr->kk, hdr->str);
	//printk("gg %d\n", info->nlhdr->nlmsg_len - ((u64)info->userhdr - (u64)info->nlhdr) - sizeof(struct family_hdr));
	rc = nla_parse(tb, DOC_EXMPL_A_MAX,
			info->userhdr + sizeof(struct family_hdr),
			info->nlhdr->nlmsg_len - ((u64)info->userhdr - (u64)info->nlhdr) - sizeof(struct family_hdr),
			NULL);
	if (rc) {
		printk("nla_parse err\n");
		return -1;
	}

	for (i = 1; i <= DOC_EXMPL_A_MAX; i ++) {
		if (!tb[i])
			continue;
		rcvlen = nla_len(tb[i]);
		hdr = (struct data_hdr*)nla_data(tb[i]);
		printk("ker-rcv: %d %d %d %d rcvlen=%d %s\n", i, fhdr->ff, hdr->len, hdr->kk, rcvlen, hdr->str);
	}
	return 0;
}


static int snd_handler(struct genl_info *info)
{
	struct sk_buff *reply = NULL;
	char sss[123];
	struct family_hdr *snd_fhdr;
	struct data_hdr *snd_hdr = (struct data_hdr *)sss;
	int err;

	reply = genlmsg_new(NLMSG_ALIGN(sizeof(struct family_hdr)) + NLMSG_ALIGN(sizeof(struct data_hdr)) + nla_total_size(strlen(MSG_KER)), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!reply) {
		printk("genlmsg_new err\n");
		return -1;
	}

	snd_fhdr = (struct family_hdr *)genlmsg_put(reply, info->snd_portid, info->snd_seq, &nl_family, 0, DOC_EXMPL_C_ECHO);
	snd_fhdr->ff = 222;
	snd_hdr->len = 321;
	snd_hdr->kk = 654;
	strcpy(snd_hdr->str, MSG_KER);
	err = nla_put(reply, DOC_EXMPL_A_MSG, sizeof(struct data_hdr) + strlen(snd_hdr->str), snd_hdr);
	if (err) {
		printk("nla_put err\n");
		genlmsg_cancel(reply, snd_fhdr);
		return -2;
	}

	snd_hdr->len = 987;
	snd_hdr->kk = 789;
	err = nla_put(reply, DOC_EXMPL_A_MSG2, sizeof(struct data_hdr) + strlen(snd_hdr->str), snd_hdr);
	if (err) {
		printk("nla_put err2\n");
		genlmsg_cancel(reply, snd_fhdr);
		return -2;
	}

	genlmsg_end(reply, snd_fhdr);

	err = genlmsg_reply(reply, info);
	if (err)
		printk("genlmsg_reply err\n");

	return 0;
}

static int nl_echo(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info)
{
	rcv_handler(info);
	snd_handler(info);
	return 0;
}

static struct genl_ops nl_ops[] = {
	{
		.cmd  = DOC_EXMPL_C_ECHO,
		.doit = nl_echo,
		.flags    = GENL_ADMIN_PERM,
	},
};

int genetlink_init(void)
{
	return genl_register_family_with_ops(&nl_family, nl_ops, ARRAY_SIZE(nl_ops));
}

void genetlink_exit(void)
{
	genl_unregister_family(&nl_family);
	printk("Generic Netlink_nl Example Module unloaded.\n");
}

module_init(genetlink_init);
module_exit(genetlink_exit);
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
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obj-m += genlink_nl.o

KDIR := /usr/src/kernels/`uname -r`/

PWD := `pwd`

default:
	make -C $(KDIR) M=$(PWD) modules

clean:
	rm -rf *.ko *.o *.mod.c .*.cmd .tmp_versions Module.symvers modules.order

user

gcc user_nl.c -lnl

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// gcc user_nl.c -lnl
//
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <poll.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <asm/types.h>

//#include <linux/genetlink.h>
#include <netlink/socket.h>
#include <netlink/genl/genl.h>
#include <netlink/genl/family.h>
#include <netlink/genl/ctrl.h>
#include <netlink/msg.h>

#define MESSAGE_TO_KERNEL   "Hello World from user space!!"

struct family_hdr {
	int ff;
};

struct data_hdr {
	int len;
	int kk;
	char str[0];
};

/* netlink attributes */
enum {
	DOC_EXMPL_A_UNSPEC,
	DOC_EXMPL_A_MSG,
	DOC_EXMPL_A_MSG2,
	__DOC_EXMPL_A_MAX,
};
#define DOC_EXMPL_A_MAX (__DOC_EXMPL_A_MAX - 1)

//copy from kernel driver genl_ops's cmd
enum {
	DOC_EXMPL_C_UNSPEC,
	DOC_EXMPL_C_ECHO,
	__DOC_EXMPL_C_MAX,
};
#define DOC_EXMPL_C_MAX (__DOC_EXMPL_C_MAX - 1)

static int error_handler(struct sockaddr_nl *nla, struct nlmsgerr *err, void *arg)
{
	int *ret = arg;
	fprintf(stderr, "error\n");
	*ret = err->error;
	return NL_STOP;
}

static int finish_handler(struct nl_msg *msg, void *arg)
{
	int *ret = arg;
	*ret = 0;
	fprintf(stderr, "finish\n");
	return NL_SKIP;
}

static int ack_handler(struct nl_msg *msg, void *arg)
{
	int *ret = arg;
	*ret = 0;
	fprintf(stderr, "ack\n");
	return NL_STOP;
}

static int reply_handler(struct nl_msg *msg, void *arg)
{
	struct nlattr *tb[DOC_EXMPL_A_MAX + 1] = {0};
	struct genlmsghdr *gnlh = nlmsg_data(nlmsg_hdr(msg));
	struct family_hdr *fhdr = genlmsg_attrdata(gnlh, 0);
	struct data_hdr *hdr;
	int rc, i;
	int rcvlen;

	rc = nla_parse(tb, DOC_EXMPL_A_MAX,
			genlmsg_attrdata(gnlh, sizeof(struct family_hdr)),
			genlmsg_attrlen(gnlh, sizeof(struct family_hdr)), NULL);
	if (rc) {
		printf("nla_parse err\n");
		return NL_STOP;
	}

	for (i = 1; i <= DOC_EXMPL_A_MAX; i ++) {
		rcvlen = nla_len(tb[i]);
		hdr = (struct data_hdr*)nla_data(tb[i]);
		printf("rcv: %d %d %d %d rcvlen=%d %s\n", i, fhdr->ff, hdr->len, hdr->kk, rcvlen, hdr->str);
	}
	return NL_OK;
}

static int test_genlink_nl(void)
{
	struct nl_handle *nlsk;
	int nlid, err, ret;

	struct nl_msg *msg = NULL;
	struct nl_cb *cb = NULL;

	char cbdata[123], sss[123];
	struct family_hdr *fhdr;
	struct data_hdr *hdr = (struct data_hdr *)sss;

	nlsk = nl_handle_alloc();
	if (!nlsk) {
		printf("nl_socket_alloc err\n");
		return -1;
	}

	nl_set_buffer_size(nlsk, 8192, 8192);

	if (genl_connect(nlsk)) {
		printf("genl_connect err\n");
		goto free_nlsk;
	}

	nlid = genl_ctrl_resolve(nlsk, "DOC_EXMPL");
	if (nlid < 0) {
		printf("genl_ctrl_resolve err\n");
		goto free_nlsk;
	}

	msg = nlmsg_alloc();
	if (!msg) {
		printf("nlmsg_alloc err\n");
		goto free_nlsk;
	}

	cb = nl_cb_alloc(NL_CB_DEFAULT);
	if (!cb) {
		printf("nl_cb_alloc err\n");
		goto free_msg;
	}
	nl_socket_set_cb(nlsk, cb);

	fhdr = (struct family_hdr *)genlmsg_put(msg, 0, 0, nlid, sizeof(struct family_hdr), 0, DOC_EXMPL_C_ECHO, 0);
	if (!fhdr) {
		printf("genlmsg_put err\n");
		goto free_cb;
	}
	fhdr->ff = 111;

	hdr->len = 123;
	hdr->kk = 456;
	strcpy(hdr->str, MESSAGE_TO_KERNEL);
	ret = nla_put(msg, DOC_EXMPL_A_MSG, sizeof(struct data_hdr)+strlen(MESSAGE_TO_KERNEL), hdr);
	if (ret < 0) {
		printf("nla_put err\n");
		goto free_cb;
	}

	hdr->len = 700;
	hdr->kk = 800;
	ret = nla_put(msg, DOC_EXMPL_A_MSG2, sizeof(struct data_hdr)+strlen(MESSAGE_TO_KERNEL), hdr);
	if (ret < 0) {
		printf("nla_put err2\n");
		goto free_cb;
	}

	ret = nl_send_auto_complete(nlsk, msg);
	if (ret < 0) {
		printf("nl_send_auto_complete err\n");
		goto free_cb;
	}

	err = 1;
	nl_cb_err(cb, NL_CB_CUSTOM, error_handler, &err);
	nl_cb_set(cb, NL_CB_FINISH, NL_CB_CUSTOM, finish_handler, &err);
	nl_cb_set(cb, NL_CB_ACK, NL_CB_CUSTOM, ack_handler, &err);
	nl_cb_set(cb, NL_CB_VALID, NL_CB_CUSTOM, reply_handler, &cbdata);

	ret = nl_recvmsgs(nlsk, cb);
	if (ret) {
		printf("nl_recvmsgs err\n");
	}

	return err;

free_cb:
	nl_cb_put(cb);
free_msg:
	nlmsg_free(msg);
free_nlsk:
	nl_handle_destroy(nlsk);
	return -2;
}

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
	return test_genlink_nl();
}