内核编译选项CONFIG_DEBUG_RODATA，会对kernel text做write protect。 那么kgdb就不能设置断点了。
编辑kernel source目录下生成的.config文件， 禁用CONFIG_DEBUG_RODATA=n (read only data)重新编译即可
I’m wondering if anyone has had issues with setting breakpoints. I’m
able to break into the kernel, access data, do a backtrace, etc, but
when I attempt to set a breakpoint, then continue, I get the following error:
Cannot insert breakpoint 1.
Error accessing memory address 0xffffffff81310931: Unknown error 4294967295.
I’m attaching a sample session, I had set remote debug to 1
It seems that your problem is the CONFIG_DEBUG_RODATA option was
enabled, It is recommend to turn CONFIG_DEBUG_RODATA off when using kgdb.
From the kgdb document(DocBook/kgdb.tmpl):
If the architecture that you are using supports the kernel option CONFIG_DEBUG_RODATA, you should consider turning it off. This option will prevent the use of software breakpoints because it marks certain regions of the kernel's memory space as read-only. If kgdb supports it for the architecture you are using, you can use hardware breakpoints if you desire to run with the CONFIG_DEBUG_RODATA option turned on, else you need to turn off this option.